If you want to add a beautiful and large tropical plant to your home, we recommend Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum, not only for its size and lush foliage but also because it’s easy to care for.
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum, commonly known as the split-leaf Thaumatophyllum plant or lacy tree Philodendron, was previously classified as Philodendron bipinnatifidum. However, in 2018, it was reclassified into the genus Thaumatophyllum, along with several other species that were previously classified as Philodendron.
Thaumatophyllum is a relatively new genus, created in 2018 to better reflect the evolutionary relationships and genetic distinctiveness of the plants within it. Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum is a tropical plant that is native to the rainforests of Central and South America. Thaumatophyllum grows best in environments that are warm and humid and thrive in bright, indirect light. In its natural habitat, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can grow quite large, with leaves that can reach up to three feet in length. As a houseplant, it can be trained to climb different structures or allowed to trail from a hanging basket, depending on the desired effect.
Want to learn more about growing and caring for Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum? Keep reading our article!
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|Botanical Name||Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum|
|Common Name||Lacy Tree Philodendron, Split-leaf Thaumatophyllum|
|Plant Type||Broadleaf evergreen shrub|
|Mature Size||Outdoors: 4.5 m (15 ft) tall, Indoors: 1.8-3 m (6-10 ft.) tall|
|Sun Exposure||Partial shade, bright filtered light|
|Soil Type||Well-draining, loamy, moist|
|Soil pH||Neutral, Alkaline|
|Bloom Time||Spring, Summer|
|Hardiness Zones||10-11 (USDA)|
|Native Area||Central and South America|
About Lacy Tree Philodendron
- Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum is a member of the Araceae family and is now classified under the genus Thaumatophyllum. It was previously known as Philodendron bipinnatifidum, but taxonomic revisions led to its transfer to the newly recognized genus Thaumatophyllum in 2018.
- This tropical evergreen plant is commonly grown as an indoor plant, although it can also be grown outdoors in warm, humid climates.
- Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum has large, glossy leaves that are deeply lobed or split, which gives the plant a unique and attractive appearance. It can grow up to several feet tall and wide, depending on the growing conditions and care provided.
- This attractive ornamental is native to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America, specifically from southern Mexico to Brazil.
- It is not known exactly where it was first cultivated, as it has been grown as an ornamental plant for many years, both in its native range and in other parts of the world. However, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum has likely been cultivated as a houseplant for many decades, as it is a popular choice for indoor gardening due to its unique and attractive appearance. It is now widely grown as a decorative plant in many countries, including the United States, Europe, and Asia.
- According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), Thaumatophyllum plants are toxic to dogs and cats if ingested. They contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause irritation and swelling of the mouth, tongue, and throat, as well as vomiting and difficulty swallowing. In severe cases, they can also lead to respiratory distress.
- In humans, Thaumatophyllum plants can also cause irritation and swelling of the mouth and throat if ingested. Additionally, they can cause skin irritation if the sap comes into contact with the skin. It is important to keep Thaumatophyllum plants out of reach of pets and children to prevent accidental ingestion. If you suspect that your pet or child has ingested any part of a Thaumatophyllum plant, you should contact your veterinarian or seek medical attention immediately.
- Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum is closely related to several other species of plants in the Araceae family. Some of its closest relatives include other Philodendron species such as Philodendron selloum, Philodendron bipinnatifidum var. bipinnatifidum, Philodendron gloriosum, and Philodendron spiritus sancti.
- In addition, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum is also closely related to other plants in the same subfamily, such as Monstera deliciosa and Epipremnum aureum (also known as Pothos). These plants share some similar characteristics, such as vining or climbing growth habits and the ability to grow in low light conditions, but they also have some distinct differences in leaf shape and other features.
- Thaumatophyllum plants can help to purify the air by removing harmful toxins and pollutants, which can help improve indoor air quality and promote better respiratory health. Studies demonstrate that having plants around you can help to reduce stress and improve mood, making Thaumatophyllum plants a great addition to any space where you spend a lot of time. They release moisture into the air as part of the photosynthesis process, which can help to increase humidity levels in dry indoor environments. This can be especially beneficial during the winter months when indoor heating can lead to dry air.
- The large, unique leaves of this exotic ornamental are often used in decorative arrangements, such as floral arrangements or as a backdrop for other plants. The leaves can also be used in craft projects or as a natural element in home decor. It’s important to note that, like all plants, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum should be grown and handled with care, and any use of its leaves should not pose a risk to the plant’s health or survival.
Lacy Tree Philodendron Features: An Overview
- Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum is a plant that draws attention due to its large, unique, and attractive leaves. The leaves are deeply lobed or split, giving them a distinctive appearance that is often described as “lacy” or “frilly”.
- Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can grow to be a large indoor plant, but its size will be limited by the size of the container it is planted in and the growing conditions it is provided.
- In ideal conditions, an indoor Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can reach a height of 1.8-3 meters (6-10 feet) or more.
- The growth rate of Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can be relatively slow, especially when compared to other indoor plants, but with the right care, it can grow to be an impressive specimen over time. To encourage growth, it is important to provide the plant with bright, indirect light and consistently moist soil. Fertilizing the plant regularly with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can also help it to grow.
- When grown indoors, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can be an excellent choice for adding a touch of tropical greenery to a room. Its large, unique leaves are sure to make a statement and can serve as a focal point in any indoor space.
- The plant is also relatively easy to care for, making it a good choice for those who want an impressive indoor plant that is not too demanding.
- The leaves of Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum are large, glossy, and deeply lobed with a unique shape. They are generally heart-shaped, with deep splits or clefts that extend towards the centre of the leaf, creating a characteristic “V” shape.
- The leaves can be up to 0.9 meters (3 ft.) long and wide, with the central leaf vein extending from the base to the tip of each leaf lobe. The leaf colour is typically dark green, and the foliage can create a lush and striking display, especially when several leaves are grouped. The unique shape and size of the leaves make Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum a popular choice for indoor plant enthusiasts looking to add some tropical flair to their homes.
- While this plant is primarily grown as a foliage plant for its attractive leaves, it can occasionally produce small white or yellowish flowers, usually in the spring or summer. However, it is relatively rare for this plant to bloom indoors as it requires specific conditions to trigger flowering. In general, Lacy tree philodendron is not typically grown for its blooms, but rather for its bold foliage and impressive size.
Growing Lacy Tree Philodendron
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum, commonly known as the lacy tree philodendron, is a popular houseplant that can also thrive outdoors in warmer climates. Its striking foliage, which resembles large, perforated leaves, makes it a favourite among plant enthusiasts. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting, growing Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can be a rewarding experience.
Growing and caring for Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum depends mainly on the place you place your plant; indoors or outdoors. The plant loves warm temperatures between 18 to 27°C (65 and 80°F).
It is important to keep the plant away from cold drafts or temperatures below 13°C (55°F) as they can damage the plant. However, it can tolerate occasional temperature fluctuations as long as they are not extreme or prolonged.
In addition to temperature, humidity is also important for the growth and health of Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum. It prefers high humidity levels, ideally between 60% to 80%. If the air in your home is too dry, consider using a humidifier or placing a tray of water near the plant to increase humidity. Alternatively, you can mist the plant with water regularly to simulate a humid environment.
- SUN: The tree philodendron does best in locations that receive dappled shade or medium to bright indirect light.
- SOIL: This member of the aroid family prefers soil that is moist but well-draining and high in organic matter.
- WATER: Water your tree philodendron when the top two inches of the soil are dry. The soil should be consistently moist but never waterlogged.
- FERTILIZER: Use a balanced fertilizer once a month throughout the growing season to encourage strong, healthy growth.
- WHEN TO PLANT: The plant may be grown outdoors in USDA zones 9 to 11. Lacy-tree can handle temperatures as low as 30 degrees. Winter frosts may kill the plant to the ground, although established plants often return in the spring.
- Lacy TREE PHILODENDRON Split Leaf Cut-leaf Selloum House Plant Flower jocad (15 Seeds)
- NAME: Tree Philodendron | OTHER COMMON NAMES: Lacy Tree Philodendron / Selloum / Split Leaf Philodendron / Cut-leaf Philodendron | SCIENTIFIC NAME: Philodendron Selloum syn. Philodendron Bipinnatifidum
- COLOR: White Flowers | PLANT SEEDS: At 75 - 85F | BLOOM TIME: Summer | HARDINESS ZONE: 9 - 11 | PLANT HEIGHT: 12 - 15'
- PLANT SPACING: 12 - 15' | LIGHT REQUIREMENTS: Sun - Part Shade | SOIL & WATER PREFERENCES: Average | QUANTITY: 15 Seeds
- 15 Seeds Lacy Tree Philodendron Split Leaf Cut-Leaf Selloum House Plant Flower edlcy (Seeds)
- Name: Tree Philodendron | Other Common Names: Lacy Tree Philodendron / Selloum / Split Leaf Philodendron / Cut-Leaf Philodendron
- Scientific Name: Philodendron Selloum Syn. Philodendron Bipinnatifidum | Color: White Flowers | Plant Seeds: At 75 - 85F
- Bloom Time: Summer | Hardiness Zone: 9 - 11 | Plant Height: 12 - 15' | Plant Spacing: 12 - 15'
Last update on 2023-05-13 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
Indoors Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum prefers bright, indirect light. Place the plant near a window where it can receive a good amount of light, but avoid placing it in direct sunlight. Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum prefers evenly moist soil. Make sure to water the plant only when the top layer of soil feels dry to the touch. It’s important to avoid overwatering since it can cause root rot, therefore, it’s recommended to let the soil dry out a bit before watering it again.
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum thrives in high humidity. If the air in your home is dry, consider placing a humidifier near the plant or misting the leaves with water regularly. When fertilizing it, make sure you use a balanced liquid every two weeks to promote healthy growth.
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can become quite large, so regular pruning may be necessary to keep it under control. Remove any dead or yellowing leaves, as well as any new growth that is not desired.
If you want to plant Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum outdoors you should first consider the climate in that area. Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum thrives in warm, humid climates. It is hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11 but can be grown as an annual in cooler climates.
If you live in a cooler climate, consider planting the plant in a container that can be moved indoors during the colder months. Make sure to follow the aforementioned steps in terms of watering, light, fertilization and pruning.
Planting Lacy Tree Philodendron
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can be planted in containers or directly in the ground, depending on your preference and climate. If planting in a container, choose a pot with good drainage holes and enough space for the plant’s roots to grow. If planting in the ground, choose a location with well-draining soil that receives bright, indirect light.
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Mix equal parts of potting soil and perlite to create a loose, well-draining soil mixture. If planting in the ground, amend the soil with compost or organic matter to improve drainage and fertility.
Carefully remove the plant from its container and gently loosen any roots that have become root-bound. If planting in a container, fill the pot with the prepared soil mixture and plant the plant, making sure it is at the same level it was in its previous container. If planting in the ground, dig a hole that is slightly wider and deeper than the plant’s root ball, backfill with the prepared soil mixture, and water thoroughly.
In areas with intense sunlight, the plant may benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. You will also need to fertilize the plant outdoors just like you do indoors to help it in the growing process. A balanced liquid fertilizer should be perfect for the plant. Make sure you use it every two weeks to promote healthy growth. Make sure you prune it regularly to keep it under control. Remove the yellow leaves or any other parts that seem to be dead.
Watering Lacy Tree Philodendron
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum prefers to be watered regularly but not too frequently. It’s important to avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other problems. As a general rule, water your Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum once a week, but adjust the frequency based on the temperature and humidity in your home.
When watering your plant, make sure to give it enough water to thoroughly saturate the soil. The exact amount of water will depend on the size of your plant and its container, but as a general rule, water until you see water draining out of the bottom of the pot.
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum is sensitive to chemicals and minerals found in tap water. If possible, use distilled water or rainwater to avoid any potential problems. If you must use tap water, let it sit out overnight to allow any chlorine or other chemicals to evaporate before using it on your plant. There are a few different ways to water your Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum.
You can pour water directly onto the soil, being careful not to get water on the leaves. Alternatively, you can place your plant in a tray or saucer filled with water and let it soak up the water from the bottom. This can be a good option if your soil is very dry and has pulled away from the sides of the pot.
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum prefers high humidity, so it can be helpful to mist your plant regularly or place it near a humidifier. You can also place a tray of water near your plant to increase the ambient humidity. Overall, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum is a relatively low-maintenance plant when it comes to watering, as long as you follow these guidelines and pay attention to your plant’s needs.
Propagating Lacy Tree Philodendron
Propagating Thaumatophyllum, is a great way to create new plants from an existing ones. There are several methods you can use to propagate this plant, each with its benefits and challenges.
Propagating Lacy Tree Philodendron through Stem Cuttings
Stem Cutting is one of the easiest ways to propagate Thaumatophyllum. Start by taking a stem cutting from the mother plant that has at least one node, which is the point on the stem where the leaves and aerial roots emerge.
Cut the stem at a 45-degree angle and remove any leaves from the bottom 2-3 inches of the stem. Place the cutting in a jar of water, making sure the bottom of the stem is submerged. Replace the water every few days to keep it fresh. After a few weeks, you should see roots forming on the stem. Once the roots are at least an inch long, you can plant the cutting in a pot with well-draining soil.
Air layering is a technique that involves creating a new root system on a stem while it is still attached to the parent plant. To air layer Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum, select a mature stem and make a small cut in the bark where you want roots to grow.
Wrap the cut area with moist sphagnum moss and then wrap it with plastic wrap to hold the moss in place. To maintain the moisture level of the moss, it’s advisable to spray it with water every few days. After a few weeks, roots should start to grow out of the moss. Once the roots are at least an inch long, cut the stem below the new root system and pot it up.
Propagating Lacy Tree Philodendron through Division
Division is the separation of the mother plant into smaller sections and potting of each section separately. To do this, carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently separate the roots and stems into smaller sections. Each section should have a good amount of roots and stems. Pot each section in a pot with well-draining soil.
Propagating Thaumatophyllum can be a fun and rewarding way to expand your plant collection. With a little bit of patience and attention, you can create new plants that will grow and thrive just like the original.
Lacy Tree Philodendron Pests and Diseases
Thaumatophyllum can be susceptible to a few pests and diseases but if you can identify and treat these problems early, it can help prevent further damage to your lovely plant. Mealybugs are small, white, cottony insects that can appear on the leaves, stems, and flowers of the plant.
They feed on the sap and can cause yellowing and wilting of the leaves. To treat mealybugs, wipe the affected areas with rubbing alcohol, or use a solution of neem oil and water.
Some other pests that can damage your plant are spider mites or scale insects. Spider mites are these tiny, reddish-brown pests that can create webs and make the leaves turn yellow and fall. To treat spider mites, wash the leaves with a solution of water and soap, or use a miticide.
Scale insects on the other hand are small, brown, and attach themselves to the plant’s stems and leaves, sucking out its sap. Wilting, yellowing, and stunted growth can be induced by them. To treat scale insects, scrape them off with a toothbrush or cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.
After getting rid of the pests keep an eye out for diseases. Leaf spots are a fungal disease that causes brown or black spots on the leaves, which can eventually turn yellow and drop off. To treat leaf spots, remove any affected leaves and avoid getting water on the leaves during watering. You can also use a fungicide to prevent further spread.
By being vigilant and keeping an eye out for these pests and diseases, you can help keep your Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum healthy and beautiful. Regular maintenance and proper care can go a long way in preventing and treating these problems.
In conclusion, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum, also known as split-leaf bipinnatifidum or lacy tree philodendron, is an incredibly beautiful and rewarding plant to grow and care for. Its iconic split leaves and ability to grow into impressive sizes make it a popular choice for indoor and outdoor spaces alike. Not only is Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum visually stunning, but it is also relatively easy to care for so it is a perfect statement plant for novice gardeners.
As a tropical plant, it thrives in warm and humid environments and can tolerate a range of light levels. With proper watering, fertilization, and regular maintenance, Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can live for many years and become a beloved part of any plant collection.
Overall, growing and caring for Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum can provide many benefits, from its aesthetic beauty to its air-purifying qualities. With the right care and attention, this iconic plant can become a cherished addition to any plant collection.
Are you growing this attractive ornamental in your home or garden? Share your experience in the comments!