Typha minima, otherwise known in cultivation as the dwarf cattail, miniature cattail, dwarf bulrush, or least bulrush, is a species of flowering herbs in the Typhaceae family. This alluring buddy is a rare plant that grows only in some regions of temperate Europe and Asia. It is also a popular and wonderful ornamental in many aquatic gardens around the world!
It is safe to say that dwarf cattail plants can successfully fill any dull spot from a house or garden. What makes these plants even better is their ability to do this with little to no help from their owner. In fewer words, the only responsibility you will have is to simulate the environmental conditions from their native habitat. And this is much easier than you might expect!
About Dwarf Cattail
- Dwarf cattail plants can grow at altitudes of 0 to 3282 feet (0-1000 m) above sea level. They grow mostly in marshes, swamps, ponds, flooded banks of cool, pure, and slow-flowing waters, or along lake margins.
- Being aquatic plants, Typha minima plants make for excellent marginal aquatic perennials for tubs, smaller ponds, and even aquatic container plantings. They stand out best if you plant them in masses.
- Their roots, pollen, and seeds are edible. The boiled roots can make for a nice substitute for potatoes. Their dried roots can be ground into a powder that can be used to make cakes, bread, biscuits, or to thicken soups.
- The seeds of Typha minima plants have a nutty taste when roasted. Moreover, you can obtain edible oil from their seeds and use it to flavour and season pretty much anything.
- Dwarf cattail pollen is hemostatic, emmenagogue, anticoagulant, and diuretic. Some folks use it traditionally as a treatment for haemorrhage, postpartum pain, kidney stones, digestive problems, abscesses, menstrual pain, or injuries.
- The most eye-catching companions for dwarf cattail plants include American Arrowhead, Bog Bean, Canna ‘Pretoria’, Chameleon, Flowering Rush, Great Blue Lobelia, Lizard Tail, Pickerel Weed, Taro, Water Arum, Water Bluebell, Water Forget-Me-Not, and Yellow Iris.
Dwarf Cattail Features: An Overview
- Dwarf cattail plants belong to the Typha genus of about 30 species of flowering plants. While most specimens are true species, others have come into this world through hybridization.
- These plants are the smallest species of the Cattails, reaching from 12 to 31 inches (30-80 cm) in height and 12 to 18 inches (30-45 cm) in width. They are slender, aquatic perennials that spread from rhizomes.
- Their foliage consists of upright, narrow, linear, and grass-like leaves that can grow as long as 8 to 30 inches (20-75 cm). The leaves are usually blue-green and they turn a beautiful golden brown in autumn.
- The blooming season for Dwarf cattail plants lasts from mid-summer through late fall. During this period, they produce small cylindrical inflorescences of up to 2 inches (5 cm) in length.
- Their inflorescences bear both male and female bloomings. While the male, staminate flowers appear on the upper portion of the inflorescences, the female, pistillate ones are always on the lower part.
- The male blossoms are pretty tiny, golden yellow, and they generally disintegrate, leaving a naked stem tip behind. The female ones show up as many densely packed spikes that change colour from greenish to a rich brown once the seeds mature.
- After a while, the fertilized Dwarf cattail flowers bear single-seeded, nut-like fruits called achenes. They come along with long, thin hairs to help water and wind to transport their seeds in the environment.
Growing Dwarf Cattail
If you already have a lovely water garden at home, you will see that Typha minima plants have no higher demands than your other aquatic species. But if you are only at the beginning of the road, these plants are more than excellent start-ups! Cattails are fairly easy to grow and care for, especially when you pay attention and meet their basic requirements.
Dwarf cattail plants are big lovers of full sunlight, so you must provide them with lots of it daily. Although they can also withstand some partial shade in hot and dry areas, this particular lighting condition is not ideal for prolonged periods. For best results, make sure you keep them in a location where they can receive plenty of bright, direct light until noon and provide some protection from the harsh afternoon sun.
Temperature-wise, Typha minima plants are somehow hardy in USDA zones 5 to 9. Still, they will have the time of their life in mid-cool to warm temperatures that range from 59 to 77 °F (15-25 °C) all year round. Cattails usually thrive in almost any region that comes with a warm and humid climate.
When it comes to pest infestations and fungal diseases, you will have absolutely no reason to worry about them! Dwarf cattail plants are generally carefree and will keep on living even if some intruders might bother them once in a while. If you notice some suspect presence on your cattail plants and you want to be sure everything is alright, you can simply handpick the pests and let your beloved plants be.
Planting Dwarf Cattail
First things first, if you want your plants to be healthy and happy, we need to find a suitable medium to grow them in. Typically, the perfect place to plant your Dwarf cattail plants is at the margin of your pond in shallow water. Likewise, it is wise to plant them at 1 to 4 inches (2.5-10 cm) depth in water just above the crown. They can also grow nicely in planting baskets of at least 4 inches (10 cm) across for one plant or larger baskets for more specimens.
In general, dwarf cattail plants can tolerate most soil types, such as clay, sandy, loamy, or chalky. However, these easy-going companions grow at their best in fertile, wet, boggy/muddy substrates. If you are growing your plants directly in the water, the soil is not as important because they can get enough moisture and nutrients easily.
Due to their independent nature, Typha minima plants can do just fine without additional fertilizing along the way. Although some growers believe that fertilizers can help these plants bloom better, they will actually damage them with time. The only time you should fertilize your plants is right after planting, then forget about it for good. At that very moment, usually in spring, feed your Cattails with a balanced liquid fertilizer or a water plant food.
Dwarf cattail plants will demand some extra attention before their new active growing season in spring. In late winter, you must prune your plants to prepare them for another round of healthy growth and blooming. This process only consists of removing all old flower stems and dead leaves to make room for younger ones to show up. Nothing more, gardener!
Watering Dwarf Cattail
In terms of watering, dwarf cattails are probably some of the friendliest ornamental plants out there. And the reason is very simple! Being an aquatic species, these plants are big lovers of moisture. It is almost impossible to over-water your plants, no matter how often you provide them with water.
If you are growing your dwarf cattail plants in water, you can basically forget about them for as long as you can imagine. However, specimens grown in soil will need supplemental watering to keep them in shape. But this should not scare you at all! All you have to do is spoil your Cattails with a nice, deep soaking whenever their growing medium feels dry to the touch.
Propagating Dwarf Cattail
Did you have some special visitors that admired your Cattail collection recently? Well, do not miss the opportunity to surprise them with one of these beauties! Especially when you have the well-known ace up your sleeve − propagation! In general, Dwarf cattail plants are pretty easy to propagate through rhizome division or seed sowing. Now let’s make it happen!
If you want to do this thing more efficiently, you should propagate your dwarf cattail plants by division in spring. Firstly, you must get yourself a good shovel and dig your plants out of the soil carefully. Secondly, divide their rhizomes into as many sections as you want but take into consideration that each part should have one shoot (stem) attached to it. Once these steps are complete, you can transplant the sections in the garden or containers and care for them as usual.
For the other method, you can either simply allow your dwarf cattail plants to self-seed or collect the seeds to sow them. To germinate right and fast, you should provide the seeds with lots of sunlight and moisture. Make sure you sow them just above the surface of the soil and water them regularly to maintain the substrate wet, somehow soggy. When the seedlings have at least 6 inches (15 cm) in height, you can transplant them into their permanent locations.
If you feel like something’s missing from your outdoor area, dwarf cattail plants can be those spectacular fillers that you are looking for! They are very easy to grow, care for, and propagate, turning them into amazing and long-lasting companions. And, besides you, every member of your collection would absolutely love having these plants around!
Are you growing dwarf cattail plants? Share your experience in the comments below!